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ICTJ recrute un consultant pour un projet de recherche sur la marginalisation systématique et les autres impacts des violations commises contre les femmes en Tunisie Retour vers les opportunités


08 Juin 2017 Il y a 4 ans

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Détails de l'opportunité

Régions concernées par cette opportunité: Tunis
Domaines concernées par cette opportunité: Droits des genres

ICTJ seeks a consultant for a research project that will lead to the production of a written report on the systematic marginalization and other impacts of violations committed against women in Tunisia targeted because of the political activities of their relatives. Often referred to as “indirect victims” in Tunisia, these women typically experienced harassment, marginalization, socioeconomic difficulties, and other violations as a result of activities often by their male relatives such as their husbands and sons. These women make up the largest percentage of women victims affected by decades of dictatorship, yet not enough is known about their profiles, but also their direct demands for justice, accountability and redress as part of the transitional justice process unfolding in the country.

The report will feed directly into the truth-seeking process in particular, and will establish concrete recommendations for the TDC, including for recommendations to be made for future reparations programs, based on the findings from field research, including interviews and focus groups with victims in nine areas of Tunisia.

Scope of Work

The project will consist of a period of field research in Tunisia prior to the drafting of a full written report reflecting the findings. The field research component will consist of focus group discussions with indirect women victims.[1] Individual interviews may be held in certain cases if judged to be more appropriate for some women, or if women feel uncomfortable speaking in a focus group setting. Key informant interviews will also be conducted with a range of women activists, lawyers, and TDC commissioners. These will be held in the regions where possible as well as in Tunis.

The consultant will work directly with ICTJ, as well as the TJ Is Also for Women Network (“The Network”), made up of eleven women’s organizations, in the production of the report. The Network will serve as the main source of support in identifying the profiles of women to interview and meet with, organizing the different meetings and focus groups, and coordinating on other logistical aspects. The Network members have a presence in each of the nine areas to be included in the study.

The consultant ideally has a background in either sociology or law, with significant experience on gender and transitional justice. Demonstrated commitment to women’s rights is essential, as is an ability to work with women of all different backgrounds, ideologies and affiliations. This person will understand that the women in the study are diverse and are not only to be seen as victims, but also as resilient and active in the fight for justice and accountability for their experiences.


Consultant will:

  • Facilitate 9 focus group workshops with women indirect victims in Tunis and eight interior governorates around Tunisia
  • Conduct in-depth interviews with women indirect victims as needed
  • Conduct key informant interviews with three sets of individuals in Tunis and the eight governorates as possible
  • Produce summary reports reflecting the discussions held during the focus group workshops and meetings of three groups of key informants
  • Assist in the planning and execution of a launch of the abovementioned written report in Tunis

Specific Deliverables

  • Informal written summary reports of workshops and key informant meetings (approximately 10 total)
  • Written report of publishable quality reflecting the research findings and including concrete recommendations for the TDC (approximately 25-30 pages)

Timeframe of Project

The consultancy is expected to last for approximately ten months. The first six months should be spent conducting workshops and key informant meetings, drafting the informal reports, and initial analysis of findings for final report. The remaining time will be spent drafting the full final report. This will include working closely with ICTJ and sharing frequent drafts for review and comments. The launch event will be held near the end of the project.

A more detailed timeline will be produced collaboratively with ICTJ prior to the commencement of the consultancy.

[1] The consultant will aim to meet with approximately 10 women per governorate, except Tunis where active presence of multiple network members will allow for participation of approximately 20 women.  

Additional Background

In Tunisia, the transitional justice process in Tunisia is in its fourth year following the promulgation of the country’s Transitional Justice Law in 2013. The Truth and Dignity Commission, operating since 2014, has taken 65,000 victim statements, including 15,000 from women victims, and is in the midst of a series of hugely popular public hearings bringing victims stories, narratives and experiences to the population and world at large. Women’s organizations have been critical to ensuring that women victims’ experiences have formed an integral part of this narrative, and in promoting their meaningful participation in the transitional justice thus far. Eleven of these organizations came together near the start of the transitional justice process to form, with the support and facilitation of ICTJ, the “Transitional Justice is Also for Women Network.” This Network played a central role in recognizing a gap of statements from women victims to the TDC, for example, and worked with the TDC’s Women’s Committee to raise the number of women victims giving statements from 5% of the total to the 23% now making up the total submissions. The Network has also been engaged in meetings around the country to assess the quality of women’s experiences with the TDC, and to get a better sense of the profiles of women victims in the country.

Emerging from these meetings was a clear picture of a certain set of victims, making up the largest percentage of women victims overall, but less represented in the overall narrative thus far. In Tunisia, this set of victims is often referred to as “indirect victims,” or women who have experienced human rights violations as a result of the political activities of their family members. In most cases, these were relatives of men who had been arbitrarily detained.

Synonymous with this form of “indirect” victimhood is the idea of “the basket,” which originates from the obligation of Tunisian mothers, wives, daughters and sisters to care for their families, including when those family members are detained or imprisoned for their political activities. Throughout the years of dictatorship and repression, these women would consistently bring homemade food to their imprisoned family members on a weekly basis, and this practice became known by victims, penitentiary institutions, the police and society at large as “the basket”.

This experience led to widespread suffering for women: it was both a major financial burden for those coming from poor communities, but also for others as the police actively took steps to isolate these women and make this work difficult as a way to prevent them from receiving any financial assistance or help from the family or others. It also symbolizes the years of suffering these women have been through: the lost opportunities, deprivation of economic and social rights such as promotion in work or access to work and education, difficulties for their children at the state level because of administrative obstacles and at the societal level as well thanks to social stigmatization and isolation.

Previous work by the TJ is Also for Women Network has found that this particular group of women tends not to recognize these experiences as forms of victimhood, however. Many are not aware that they, too, qualify as victims eligible to give statements to the Truth and Dignity Commission or access other transitional justice measures, assuming only their imprisoned male or female relatives could do so. This has further entrenched their invisibility within the transitional justice narrative in the country, especially because the long-term impact of this form of victimization often takes the form of violations of these women’s social and economic rights.

However, when approached and when explicitly aware of their victim status, these women show a strong consciousness of their experiences of “secondary harms,” even if not all of them seek recognition for their contribution and suffering as indirect victims under the dictatorship. What they do seek are reparations in the form of rehabilitation and assurances of non-recurrence so that their children may live a better life. Until they are recognized, and the current challenges and daily obstacles they face as a result of their victimization are better understood, it will be impossible to identify concrete measures to be taken within the scope of the transitional justice process to meet their needs and better fulfill the myriad rights that have thus far been violated. Reparative and reform processes will be well placed to begin to address their concerns, but only if a full picture is developed and clear recommendations made.

With this project, ICTJ and the TJ is Also for Women Network hope to do just that. The project seeks to shed the light on the invisible to help create a balanced understanding within the transitional justice process of what happened to women in Tunisia and to help fill in the gaps still missing from the global picture of decades of dictatorship and violence in the country.  

Critères d'éligibilité

  • Bachelor’s degree in relevant field, such as law, sociology, gender studies etc.
  • Significant experience providing support to victims of human rights violations, including women victims
  • Extensive knowledge of Tunisian history, political context and transitional justice landscape in the country
  • Experience coordinating and conducting research work, including using participatory techniques. Experience working with women’s groups preferred.
  • Ability and sensitivity to conduct interviews with a wide range of people from different backgrounds and ideologies
  • Fluent in Arabic
  • Strong command of written and spoken English
  • Good communication skills
  • Ability to work well with a team
  • Strong capacity for analytical thinking

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