Democracy Reporting International
Publié le 01-09-2013. Ajoutée le 17 mars 2017
Thé independence of the judiciary gives concrete expression to two essential elements of democracy, namely the rule of law and the separation of powers. In a constitutional democracy, the political process and any state function must take place within the confines of the law. Judges are tasked to uphold the rule of law. To ensure that they do so without improper influence, they must be independent from the executive and legislative branch of power. Their role for democracy is particularly important in safeguarding human rights.
Under international law the following working definition of judicial independence can be discerned: an independent judiciary must (a) be impartial; (b) approach cases in an unbiased manner; (c) display no prejudice; (d) be politically independent; and (e) operate without fear. This Briefing Paper translates these principles into operational guidelines on the basis of international law.
This Briefing Paper sets out international standards for judicial independence and complements DRI’s Report, International Consensus: Essential Elements of Democracy (2011) and the DRI/Carter Center Report, Strengthening International Law to Support Democratic Government and Genuine Elections (2012).